What is Closed Adoption?

June 1, 2023


When it comes to adoption, there are different types of adoption processes, including closed and open adoptions. In closed adoptions, there is little to no contact between the adoptive family and the birth parents. Identifying information such as names and addresses may remain confidential, and the records are sealed.

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The birth parents may not have access to information about the child’s upbringing, and the adoptive family may not have contact with the birth parents. While they were more common in the past, closed adoptions have become less prevalent in recent years. In contrast, an open adoption involves ongoing contact and communication between the birth parents, adoptive parents, and the child. The level of openness varies and is typically determined by mutual agreement, with input from all parties involved.

Open adoptions allow for shared information, updates, and even visits or regular contact between the birth parents and the adoptive family. This arrangement allows the child to have a connection with their birth family while growing up with their adoptive family. Some adoptions fall in between closed and open adoptions and are known as semi-open adoptions. In semi-open adoptions, there’s limited contact and exchange of information between the birth parents and the adoptive family. This may include communication through an intermediary, such as an adoption agency or attorney, to facilitate the exchange of letters, pictures, or updates while maintaining some level of privacy.

Adoption professionals can provide guidance and support to help navigate the different types of adoptions.

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